Monday, April 18, 2016

Question from Jan - Bathroom use at court

How and where did people at court go to the bathroom in Tudor England? There were apparently large crowds of people at court with very complicated clothes. What were the sanitation facilities?

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Question from Fr Elijah - Monastic involvement in the establishment of the Anglican Church

I am a Roman Catholic Benedictine monk and priest. I am researching very specific questions for which I have not been able to locate materials. Any citations,source documents, or general direction would be greatly appreciated:

1-During the time of Henry VIII before his break with Rome, were there any Bishops serving who had been monks (Benedictine or Cistercian)? I realize (a) not all monks or Abbots were priests, and (b) most bishops were previously secular priests. So, I am inquiring if you know of any monastic priests who had become or were serving as Bishops under Henry VIII?

2-Based on the answer to #1, did any of those previously monastic Bishops become Anglican in support of Henry VIII?

3-Were there any previous monastics who served Thomas Cramner during the early development of the Anglican Church?

4-I know that under the reign of Mary that many monks returned from the Continent who had previously faced the dissolution. Did she appoint any monks as Bishops?

5-Based on the answer to #4, did any remain and support Elizabeth?

So, in a nut shell, I am looking to see if there was any direct monastic involvement in the establishment of the Anglican Church, its hierarchy, or the development of its Book of Common Prayer.


Saturday, April 02, 2016

Question from Kris - Abeyance and inheritance in Elizabeth's reign


I have a couple questions about abeyance and inheritance of titles/lands in Elizabeth's reign.

The short story is, I need a female to be holding land, but not the title that goes with the land. I've been operating as if the title has been in abeyance for hundreds of years, but I could be wrong, & want to check what I'm doing.

If a title went into abeyance because there were no male heirs, the property would have been passed down to the female(s) heirs, correct? Issue/heirs of that female line would continue to inherit the land, but not the title? How would those land-holders have be referred to? Lord/Lady? If so, of what were they lord/lady? Were they still considered noble? Allowed "honorary" titles?

What if there were NO heirs? How would the land get distributed/held in that case? Was it still "in abeyance"? Something else, w/ diff legal connotations? Or was the title (and land?) just subsumed back to the Crown, to be redistributed at will?

Thank-you so much!!


Question from Jackie - Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell

My questions concern Anne Boleyn/Henry VIII/Thomas Cromwell. Researching this time period has become a hobby of sorts for me. There is a lot of contradictory info out there so I figured it would be interesting to ask questions here to hear different points of view. The questions are really more of learned opinion than fact-based in nature...

1) Did Henry VIII have a hand in not allowing the marriage between Anne and Harry Percy?

2) Is it your opinion that Anne truly loved Henry or was she more so seduced by the power and glory of being a Queen? I know there is also the factor of her family's drive for power and wealth as well, but I often wonder if she truly loved the King apart from all the benefits associated with him.

3) If not for the strong influence of Cromwell, would the Reformation have occurred as it did in England? The winds of reform had already reached England, but prior to Anne and Cromwell those who spoke against the Church were charged with heresy. Cromwell appeared to not only want to serve his King but also further his own religious agenda. But back to my first question here...Do you think Henry would have thought to declare himself Head of the Church and break from Rome on his own?

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Question from Audreanna - Anne of Cleves' life in Germany before marriage

Hello, my name is Audreanna and I recently got a part in a renaissance festival as Anna von Kleve, or as she is more widely known, Anne of Cleves. I have done some research although, not a lot and I have found to very different stories. One being that she loved her family and she didn't want to leave her home in Germany. Another story is that she hated her family and that she was abused by her brother. I was just wondering which one is the more accurate story or if they both have some truth in them.

Friday, March 11, 2016

Question from Justine - Catherine of Arago and Cloth of Silver

Hi, I'm sure I read somewhere that Catherine of Aragon preferred Cloth of Silver and as less of this fabric was produced it ultimately worked out to be more expensive and exclusive than Cloth of Gold. Another annoyance for Henry to tot up I think. Is this correct?

Question from Becca - Further questions on Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon's coronation procession

Hello all! I'm still working on my project and hoped that some of you out there could answer some more questions for me and help me double check the information I've already gathered.

In all I have found 23 ladies who were for sure at Catherine and Henry's coronation procession. These ladies range from maids of honor to chamberers. I am sure there were several more but I'm still working on it.

Question: Would Henry's knights have been the "Knights of the Garter"? I have a list of them and that would be awesome but I have no idea if Henry's knights and the knights of the garter would have been the same people.

2nd Question: Who would have been considered the "children of Honor"? I know there were 9 of them, that they wore blue velvet in the procession and that each of them represented a region of Henry Viii's dominion (by name England, France, Gascony, Guyenne, Normandy, Anjou, Cornwall, Wales and Ireland). Also that they rode white palfreys decorated with the trappings of the 9 regions. Would these kids have been the children of high ranking nobles from the areas they represented.

Question 3: Who were the Barons of the Cinque Ports in 1509? Apparently there were 4 of them, there were several barons that represented more then one port. Even the people who run the website dedicated to the Cinque Ports don't have an answer for 1509. They may have been the same men who represented the ports in 1510 but I don't know for sure.

I absolutely love this website and I am so grateful for all of the help and support I've found here. I have gone through the Q and A's pretty far back searching around, I apologize in advance if I'm repeating previous questions.

Sunday, February 28, 2016

Question from Becca - Henry VIII's coronation procession

Hi everybody! I am looking for people who were in Henry Viii's coronation procession. My mother-in-law and I are working on a project as part of her physical therapy. Some people like the mayor of London was easy enough to track down, however others are proving difficult. I'd like to know which of Catherine's ladies were there and a total head count of Henry's attendants. On a side note, does anybody know what a "Bauderike" is? I believe it maybe some kind of "chain of estate" but I'd love some confirmation on that. Thank you for your help!

Friday, February 26, 2016

Question from Arthur - Grooms and Ushers in the reign of Henry VII

Hi I am researching a novel set in 1495. In it my MC and his son are Grooms and Ushers to the King which would be Henry 7th. Its a fictional story and the fictional characters, but I have to questions if you are able to help....

How much freedom would they have? For instance is it likely that the King would dismiss them from court to go home at regular intervals or if they requested the need to or would they have certain times they are allowed home, they live in Somerset so I am estimating it will take them a few days to get home and a few more to get back.

Also the father is an Earl the Son a Viscount. How much interference is there likely to in their estates and families from the King who is slightly suspicious of them because of some family allegiances. He is suspicious but cannot directly prove their involvement in anything, of keeping them close rather than letting them do as they please. If any of that makes sense. I realise its fiction, but I like to be as credible as possible.

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Question from Samantha - Ursula Pole's birth year

Most online resources list 1504 as the birth year of Ursula Pole, but Hazel Pierce's biography of Margaret Pole states that Ursula was born before 1500. Any idea where this discrepancy comes from or which is correct?

This is for a historical fiction writing project ( Thank you!

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

Question from Anna - Children's drink in 16th century England

What are some reliable secondary sources, such as books and journal articles, that cover what children drank in 16th century England? For a university project we have to choose a topic relating to drinking in the early modern era to write a 4000 word essay on, and what children drank is something that I'd like to focus on. Although we are supposed to focus on primary sources, we have been advised to use some secondary sources as a starting point, but I am struggling to find anything!

Thursday, February 11, 2016

Question from Cameren - English power in Europe during the Tudor period

I'm writing an essay on the Tudor dynasty and need to know how England asserted itself as the dominant power in Europe during the Tudor dynasty. All answers welcome(especially correct one).

[I discourage people just giving answers to homework questions like this, but I thought the general question was interesting and could prompt an informative discussion, especially since I don't think that England generally really is considered a dominant power in that period. - Lara]

Saturday, February 06, 2016

Question from Den - Story of Elizabeth unchaperoned at a party

Where did the story that Kat Ashley allowed Elizabeth unaccompanied go to a party on the Thames?thanks for any answers.

Friday, January 29, 2016

Question from Candace - Importance of virginity before marriage for noblewomen

How important was virginity before marriage for noblewomen? If a nobleman discovered on his wedding night that his wife was not a virgin, how would he react? Would he try to seek an annulment, or if he could not get one, view her as unchaste and of 'loose' morals?

What happened to women who were raped before marriage? Would they still be able to make a good marriage? Would being sent to a convent or a nunnery be a mercy or a sign of disgrace? Were there any possibilities that a woman would be raped but not blamed for 'enticing' the man?

Thursday, January 28, 2016

Question from Candace - Form of address for royal governesses

In several Tudor historical fiction books I have read, I have seen the governesses of Henry VIII's children, Margaret Bryan and Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, addressed as simply 'Bryan' and 'Salisbury', rather than with 'Lady' affixed to the front, which strikes me as rude. I know that historical fiction is a poor source for actual facts, but that I have seen it in several stories leads me to wonder if it was an accepted custom, or simply an invention on the parts of the authors that was replicated from story to story.

Sunday, January 24, 2016

Question from KG - Burning for heresy in Henry VIII's reign

Were people being burned for heresy in the first half of Henry VIII's reign (until 1527/8)? If so, what heresies were they being executed for?

Saturday, January 23, 2016

Question from Peter - Training as lawyer or vicar

In the 1400s at what age would someone begin training to become a Lawyer at Lincoln's Inn and how long would the training take.

Likewise for someone joining the church as a Vicar?

Would you have to attend Oxford or Cambridge first?

Many thanks


Question from Den - Seymour's claim of being bewitched by Elizabeth

Is it true that when Catherine Parr caught her husband embracing Elizabeth, he said that she had bewitched him and that Elizabeth is the same as her mother Anne Boleyn? Thanks for any answer.

Tuesday, January 19, 2016

Question from KG - "Assertion septem sacramentorum" translator

I am studying Henry VIII's book, "Assertion septem sacramentorum". It was translated by an American named Rev. Louis ODonovan. Does anyone know if he is considered a non-biased translator? I'm guessing from his title (Rev.) that he is Protestant?

Monday, January 18, 2016

Question from KG - Henry VIII's "Litterarum quibus respondit ad quondam epistolam"

Does anyone know anything about a book Henry VIII is said to have written, "Litterarum quibus respondit ad quondam epistolam"? Has it been translated?

Saturday, January 16, 2016

Question from James - Another Elizabeth Tilney

I'm looking for information on the apparent Elizabeth Tilney that was in the tower of London with Jane and apparently a niece of Agnes Howard, nee Tilney, Duchess of Norfolk.

I cannot find any evidence, at all, of her existence. None. Nadda. Zilch.

All I can find is that Agnes Howard (nee Tilney), Duchess of Norfolk's brother, Philip Tilney (b. 1463 - d. 1534) married Margaret Brewse (b.? - d.?) and they had two sons: Thomas (b. approx. 1501?) and Philip (b. 1503).

Thomas married Malena (surname unknown) and they had a son, Edmund (b. approx. 1530). Philip married Margaret Barrett and they had a son, Emery (b. approx. 1530)

This is all I can find for Agnes's brother's descendants. According to someone on this site, there is a Brandon Relative - a granddaughter of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk's aunt, Eleanor - called Elizabeth Jeffrey. This physically cannot be true as none of William Brandon's sisters have Jeffrey descendants.

William Brandon's sisters are thus, with marriages included - issue, included too from my own research:
*Mary Brandon, who married John Redying (or Reading): NO ISSUE.

*Anne Brandon, who married Nicholas Sydney, Esq: William Sidney (husband of Anne Packenham), father of Henry Sidney, grandfather of Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester.

*Elizabeth Brandon, who married firstly Augustine Caundishe (or Candishe, Cavendish), and secondly John Leventhorpe: ISSUE FROM CAVENDISH ARE: Richard, Elizabeth, Edward, Anne, Catherine - Richard has 3 daughters who marry into the Sands, Thorne and Goulde families but have no issue.
ISSUE FROM LEVENTHORPE: Margaret and Catherine who married Richard Brograve.

*Margaret Brandon "The Elder", who married Gregory Lovell, Knt: ISSUE: Thomas, Margaret, Francis and Catherine

*Margaret Brandon "The Younger" who Married Hugo / Hugh Manning de Cary: ISSUE: John, Robert, Richard

*Katherine Brandon, who married John Gurney: ISSUE: Christian (marries James Darnell) and Elizabeth (marries Walter Ayscough)

*Eleanor Brandon (c.1462 30 June 1480), who married, after 5 March 1466, as his second wife, John Glemham[8][26] (c.14601499): ISSUE: Anne, who marries Henry Pagrave.

So, you see, there's no actual "Jeffrey" relative related to Brandon... so is Elizabeth Tilney made up as well as Philip Tilney's (apparent) second and third wives?

The only other Elizabeth Tilney I can find is a daughter of Hugh Tilney and a half-sister of Philip and Agnes who died in 1497.
And, of course, Agnes's cousin, Elizabeth, Countess of Surrey.

I've seen about a book by de Lisle... but she doesn't give any evidence as to WHERE she got the information from, so apart from the name there, I've got nothing.

So, I'd like some help in filling it in.


Tuesday, January 12, 2016

Question from KG - Knowledge and views of the Eastern Orthodox Church

Did people in Henry VIII's reign know about the Eastern Orthodox Church? Did any of them write about it, were they considered heretics?

Question from Andrew - Ideas for dissertation on everyday life in the reign of Henry VIII

Hi guys,

I am currently a second year university student who is trying to narrow down their dissertation topic. I want to focus my dissertation on everyday life in during the reign of Henry VIII. Any ideas on how I could narrow this down? Also any books that relate to this specific topic?

Many thanks.

Saturday, December 26, 2015

Question from KG - Oaths it the 16th century

How significant was an oath in the sixteenth century?

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Question from KG - Henry VIII's early religious beliefs

I am studying Henry VIII's early religious beliefs at university. I was wondering if anyone could advise me for where to look for information on religious building projects, his preferred saints etc, up to about 1525. I appreciate any help that is offered.