Monday, August 15, 2016

Question from Camilla - Edward Seymour, the "Good Duke"

Hello, I am 17, currently researching Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset for my A Level History coursework and looking to reassess the title of "Good Duke" which has long lingered over Seymour's reputation.

I am finding it particularly difficult to find written correspondence originating from Seymour himself (which would help to shed light upon his personal character) and/or any sources from the general populous (around the period 1547-1549) as to the common consensus on his character/protectorship. Would it be possible for any help in direction towards possibly useful sources? Is there any trace of the Duke within folk tales/song?

My main question however is if this "Good Duke" title originated within posthumous historical thought or whether the common people genuinely saw the Lord Protector in such a light- and more importantly, whether this corresponded in actuality to Somerset's protectorship/personality. In short, was his title duly granted?

Thankyou!

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Question from KG - Henry VIII fasting during Advent and Lent

I read that Henry VIII fasted during Advent and Lent. Our image of him is that of a consummate overeater - would he really have had to keep to the same rules of fasting as everyone else? And what exactly would have been expected in terms of "fasting"?

Saturday, July 09, 2016

Question from KG - Baptism of Henry VIII's children who died young

Do we know if Henry VIII's children, such as the Henry, duke of Cornwall born in 1513, or the stillborn/short-lived children he had with Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn who weren't named, were baptised? If so, do we have any descriptions of the proceedings?

Thursday, July 07, 2016

Question from Arthur - Grief in the 15th century

Can anyone tell me how grief was dealt with in 15th century? I know death was a lot more prevalent but I assume human emotions and feelings of loss and grief have not altered all that much over time that even though people harden to death might not be as sensitive. I think that loosing a beloved spouse,child, parent, or close sibling must of still be painful for them.

So how did the people around the griever? Especially in the case of men I presume that people would just expect him to pull himself together and be stoic about it?

I think I remember they had mourning periods but what I am really trying to find out is what emotional support grieving people got from family and friends.

Wednesday, July 06, 2016

Question from Arthur - Courtiers time away from Court

Can anyone tell me when Courtiers such as Kings grooms and ushers etc in the reins of Henry 7th and 8th would go home? As in have enough time to return to country estates?

Would you ever have a situation where they were 'not allowed' to return home? Were there specific things they had to be at court for?

Tuesday, July 05, 2016

Question from KG - Henry VIII's godchildren

Do we know the names of all/any of Henry VIII's godchildren, and how he fulfilled this role?

Monday, July 04, 2016

Question from KG - Dicing and bowling in Henry VIII's reign

I have read that dicing and bowling were considered immoral in Henry VIII's reign, yet he and his courtiers enjoyed these activities. Would they have been judged for this, or was it socially (and religiously) acceptable?

Sunday, July 03, 2016

Question from KG - Tudor monarchs and Mass

How often would the Tudor monarchs have gone to Mass and what would the services have been like? Can anyone direct me to a really good source please? This is for a university project.

Question from Mary the Quene - Reading of the charges against George Boleyn

My question is regarding the reading of the charges against George Boleyn during his trial.

He (George Boleyn) was instructed to NOT read aloud the statements he and his sister allegedly made concerning the virility of Henry VIII.
In a swipe at the powers railroading him towards the scaffold, George Boleyn intentionally, and in a clear loud voice, spoke the comments for alllllll those courtiers and ghoulish court-haunters to hear.


Does anybody know if Henry VIII learned that his shame had been made ever so public?

Friday, July 01, 2016

Question from Michael - Nudity in Tudor England

Dear All

Can anyone tell me how nudity was seen in Tudor England. Was it a criminal offence? Were people prosecuted for it? was it socially acceptable behind closed doors?

Michael

Monday, June 27, 2016

Question from Arthur - Inheritance scenarios

Hi, I am working on a novel set in 1495. I have a couple of questions that would help me work out a couple of plot details.

First, I read all the previous post on titles in Abeyance and I have a question that wasn't directly covered directly i don't think. In my story there is a baron who knows he is dying, he has 4 daughters, daughter 1 is 19 but is physically and mentally disabled, the youngest 2 daughters are just little 11 and 8 the 2nd daughter is 16. The baron knows he has no sons, so he and his best friend, an Earl with 4 sons the youngest of which the youngest is unmarried, decided to marry their kids together so that the baron can hopefully get a grandson. So that happens, but this baron has a younger brother whom he despises. He does not want the title and/or castle to pass to his brother. My question is that in this situation and assuming the daughter is pregnant when the baron dies would the title be held for the child or go to the barons brother?...

My second question is somewhat related to above...assuming the Earls youngest son is 16/17 when the baron dies would he be allowed to manage any land inherited by his wife, or would an elder male of his family have manage it for him?

Thursday, June 02, 2016

Question from begob - Elizabeth I assassination attempt

Trying to find information on The Barge Incident, an attempt on the life of Elizabeth I.

I found this:
"Be of good cheer, for you will never want, for the bullet was meant for me, though it hit you."

Elizabeth I (1533-1603), Queen of England (1558-1603). As quoted in The Sayings of Queen Elizabeth, ch. 13, by Frederick Chamberlin (1923). "To one of her boatmen who was shot when within six feet of her on her barge in the Thames. She took off her scarf and gave it to him to bind over his wound, which was bleeding profusely."

http://www.poemhunter.com/queen-elizabeth-i/quotations/page-4/

Chamberlin's book is not a reliable source, and my searches turned up nothing for the state papers.

Help please.

Sunday, May 29, 2016

Question from Sarah - Henry VIII and St. Augustine

I have heard that Henry VIII really admired the works of St. Augustine and that Augustine was his favourite theologian. Is there any evidence of this? Were Augustine's ideas in vogue at the time?

Saturday, May 28, 2016

Question from Sarah - Sack of Rome and Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Rome was sacked by Charles V's troops in 1527, around the time Henry VIII was promising himself to Anne Boleyn. Would some (perhaps including Henry?) have seen the Sack of Rome as proof God did not favour the Pope anymore? Could these two events be connected at all?

Monday, April 18, 2016

Question from Jan - Bathroom use at court

How and where did people at court go to the bathroom in Tudor England? There were apparently large crowds of people at court with very complicated clothes. What were the sanitation facilities?

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Question from Fr Elijah - Monastic involvement in the establishment of the Anglican Church

I am a Roman Catholic Benedictine monk and priest. I am researching very specific questions for which I have not been able to locate materials. Any citations,source documents, or general direction would be greatly appreciated:

1-During the time of Henry VIII before his break with Rome, were there any Bishops serving who had been monks (Benedictine or Cistercian)? I realize (a) not all monks or Abbots were priests, and (b) most bishops were previously secular priests. So, I am inquiring if you know of any monastic priests who had become or were serving as Bishops under Henry VIII?

2-Based on the answer to #1, did any of those previously monastic Bishops become Anglican in support of Henry VIII?

3-Were there any previous monastics who served Thomas Cramner during the early development of the Anglican Church?

4-I know that under the reign of Mary that many monks returned from the Continent who had previously faced the dissolution. Did she appoint any monks as Bishops?

5-Based on the answer to #4, did any remain and support Elizabeth?

So, in a nut shell, I am looking to see if there was any direct monastic involvement in the establishment of the Anglican Church, its hierarchy, or the development of its Book of Common Prayer.

Thanks!
Elijah

Saturday, April 02, 2016

Question from Kris - Abeyance and inheritance in Elizabeth's reign

Hi!

I have a couple questions about abeyance and inheritance of titles/lands in Elizabeth's reign.

The short story is, I need a female to be holding land, but not the title that goes with the land. I've been operating as if the title has been in abeyance for hundreds of years, but I could be wrong, & want to check what I'm doing.

If a title went into abeyance because there were no male heirs, the property would have been passed down to the female(s) heirs, correct? Issue/heirs of that female line would continue to inherit the land, but not the title? How would those land-holders have be referred to? Lord/Lady? If so, of what were they lord/lady? Were they still considered noble? Allowed "honorary" titles?

What if there were NO heirs? How would the land get distributed/held in that case? Was it still "in abeyance"? Something else, w/ diff legal connotations? Or was the title (and land?) just subsumed back to the Crown, to be redistributed at will?

Thank-you so much!!

Kris

Question from Jackie - Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell

My questions concern Anne Boleyn/Henry VIII/Thomas Cromwell. Researching this time period has become a hobby of sorts for me. There is a lot of contradictory info out there so I figured it would be interesting to ask questions here to hear different points of view. The questions are really more of learned opinion than fact-based in nature...

1) Did Henry VIII have a hand in not allowing the marriage between Anne and Harry Percy?

2) Is it your opinion that Anne truly loved Henry or was she more so seduced by the power and glory of being a Queen? I know there is also the factor of her family's drive for power and wealth as well, but I often wonder if she truly loved the King apart from all the benefits associated with him.

3) If not for the strong influence of Cromwell, would the Reformation have occurred as it did in England? The winds of reform had already reached England, but prior to Anne and Cromwell those who spoke against the Church were charged with heresy. Cromwell appeared to not only want to serve his King but also further his own religious agenda. But back to my first question here...Do you think Henry would have thought to declare himself Head of the Church and break from Rome on his own?

Sunday, March 20, 2016

Question from Audreanna - Anne of Cleves' life in Germany before marriage

Hello, my name is Audreanna and I recently got a part in a renaissance festival as Anna von Kleve, or as she is more widely known, Anne of Cleves. I have done some research although, not a lot and I have found to very different stories. One being that she loved her family and she didn't want to leave her home in Germany. Another story is that she hated her family and that she was abused by her brother. I was just wondering which one is the more accurate story or if they both have some truth in them.

Friday, March 11, 2016

Question from Justine - Catherine of Arago and Cloth of Silver

Hi, I'm sure I read somewhere that Catherine of Aragon preferred Cloth of Silver and as less of this fabric was produced it ultimately worked out to be more expensive and exclusive than Cloth of Gold. Another annoyance for Henry to tot up I think. Is this correct?

Question from Becca - Further questions on Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon's coronation procession

Hello all! I'm still working on my project and hoped that some of you out there could answer some more questions for me and help me double check the information I've already gathered.

In all I have found 23 ladies who were for sure at Catherine and Henry's coronation procession. These ladies range from maids of honor to chamberers. I am sure there were several more but I'm still working on it.

Question: Would Henry's knights have been the "Knights of the Garter"? I have a list of them and that would be awesome but I have no idea if Henry's knights and the knights of the garter would have been the same people.

2nd Question: Who would have been considered the "children of Honor"? I know there were 9 of them, that they wore blue velvet in the procession and that each of them represented a region of Henry Viii's dominion (by name England, France, Gascony, Guyenne, Normandy, Anjou, Cornwall, Wales and Ireland). Also that they rode white palfreys decorated with the trappings of the 9 regions. Would these kids have been the children of high ranking nobles from the areas they represented.

Question 3: Who were the Barons of the Cinque Ports in 1509? Apparently there were 4 of them, there were several barons that represented more then one port. Even the people who run the website dedicated to the Cinque Ports don't have an answer for 1509. They may have been the same men who represented the ports in 1510 but I don't know for sure.

I absolutely love this website and I am so grateful for all of the help and support I've found here. I have gone through the Q and A's pretty far back searching around, I apologize in advance if I'm repeating previous questions.

Sunday, February 28, 2016

Question from Becca - Henry VIII's coronation procession

Hi everybody! I am looking for people who were in Henry Viii's coronation procession. My mother-in-law and I are working on a project as part of her physical therapy. Some people like the mayor of London was easy enough to track down, however others are proving difficult. I'd like to know which of Catherine's ladies were there and a total head count of Henry's attendants. On a side note, does anybody know what a "Bauderike" is? I believe it maybe some kind of "chain of estate" but I'd love some confirmation on that. Thank you for your help!

Friday, February 26, 2016

Question from Arthur - Grooms and Ushers in the reign of Henry VII

Hi I am researching a novel set in 1495. In it my MC and his son are Grooms and Ushers to the King which would be Henry 7th. Its a fictional story and the fictional characters, but I have to questions if you are able to help....

How much freedom would they have? For instance is it likely that the King would dismiss them from court to go home at regular intervals or if they requested the need to or would they have certain times they are allowed home, they live in Somerset so I am estimating it will take them a few days to get home and a few more to get back.

Also the father is an Earl the Son a Viscount. How much interference is there likely to in their estates and families from the King who is slightly suspicious of them because of some family allegiances. He is suspicious but cannot directly prove their involvement in anything, of keeping them close rather than letting them do as they please. If any of that makes sense. I realise its fiction, but I like to be as credible as possible.

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Question from Samantha - Ursula Pole's birth year

Most online resources list 1504 as the birth year of Ursula Pole, but Hazel Pierce's biography of Margaret Pole states that Ursula was born before 1500. Any idea where this discrepancy comes from or which is correct?

This is for a historical fiction writing project (www.SamanthaWilcoxson.blogspot.com). Thank you!

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

Question from Anna - Children's drink in 16th century England

What are some reliable secondary sources, such as books and journal articles, that cover what children drank in 16th century England? For a university project we have to choose a topic relating to drinking in the early modern era to write a 4000 word essay on, and what children drank is something that I'd like to focus on. Although we are supposed to focus on primary sources, we have been advised to use some secondary sources as a starting point, but I am struggling to find anything!