I know that the head of the navy was the 'Lord Admiral' and that Robert Dudley was at one time Elizabeth I's 'Captain General' but beyond that I'm not too sure.
Basically the only officer was the captain, and anybody who brought a group of men to the army would have been called a captain. He would have been helped by a lieutenant (from a Latin expression meaning "taking the place of") and perhaps by a number of sergeants - depending on how many men the captain had under his command. The King or Queen would have appointed one of the captains to be Captain General of the army. Towards the end of the Tudor period the man responsible for carrying the unit's flag was called the Ensign and also considered an officer
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